The structure of sex chromosomes in plants was analyzed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with repetitive DNAs. FISH probes were successfully obtained from DNA libraries that were amplified from microdissected sex chromosomes. Some probes hybridized to the subtelomeric regions, where many kinds of repetitive DNAs are located with intrachromosomal similarity of their repeat units rather than interchromosomal similarity. For example, FISH with the subtelomeric repetitive sequence can easily show the location of the pseudoautosomal region (PAR) on the X chromosome of Silene latifolia. The other probes were localized on the interstitial region of the sex chromosomes. The interstitial region contains chloroplast DNAs or neighboring sequences of the internal telomeres, suggesting insertion or translocation occurred during differentiation of the sex chromosome. These data are very informative for understanding the structure of the plant sex chromosomes and their evolutionary process.
2008 S. Karger AG, Basel