Atomic-scale in-situ observation of carbon nanotube growth from solid state iron carbide nanoparticles

Nano Lett. 2008 Jul;8(7):2082-6. doi: 10.1021/nl080452q. Epub 2008 May 28.

Abstract

We have first observed the nucleation and growth process of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from iron carbide (Fe 3C) nanoparticles in chemical vapor deposition with C 2H 2 by in situ environmental transmission electron microscopy. Graphitic networks are formed on the fluctuating iron carbide nanoparticles, and subsequently CNTs are expelled from them. Our atomic scale observations suggest that carbon atoms diffuse through the bulk of iron carbide nanoparticles during the growth of CNTs.