Looking under the Hispanic umbrella: cancer mortality among Cubans, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and other Hispanics in Florida

J Immigr Minor Health. 2009 Aug;11(4):249-57. doi: 10.1007/s10903-008-9152-4. Epub 2008 May 28.


Cancer is the second leading cause of death among Hispanics. Most of the cancer statistics available both at the state and national levels report cancer statistics for all Hispanics as an aggregate group. The goal of this paper is to provide a population-based overview of cancer mortality among Hispanics (Cubans, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and other Hispanics) in Florida from 1990 to 2000 and to explore the demographic diversity of this growing ethnic group. The study population consisted of Hispanics and White non-Hispanics who died from cancer. Cancer mortality rates and proportion of cancer deaths by type and age at death for the selected racial/ethnic groups were calculated. Our findings indicate that the cancer death rates of the Hispanic subgroups compared favorably with those of White non-Hispanics and that cancer rates often presented for all Hispanics mask important differences between the different ethnic subgroups that fall under the Hispanic umbrella.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Cuba / ethnology
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexico / ethnology
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Puerto Rico / ethnology
  • Sex Distribution
  • Socioeconomic Factors