From protein-disease associations to disease informatics

Front Biosci. 2008 May 1:13:3391-407. doi: 10.2741/2934.


Advancements in high-throughput technology and computational power have brought about significant progress in our understanding of cellular processes, including an increased appreciation of the intricacies of disease. The computational biology community has made strides in characterizing human disease and implementing algorithms that will be used in translational medicine. Despite this progress, most of the identified biomarkers and proposed methodologies have still not achieved the sensitivity and specificity to be effectively used, for example, in population screening against various diseases. Here we review the current progress in computational methodology developed to exploit major high-throughput experimental platforms towards improved understanding of disease, and argue that an integrated model for biomarker discovery, predictive medicine and treatment is likely to be data-driven and personalized. In such an approach, major data collection is yet to be done and comprehensive computational models are yet to be developed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Computational Biology / trends*
  • Disease / classification*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn / classification*
  • Humans
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • RNA / genetics
  • Terminology as Topic


  • Proteins
  • RNA