Detection of very early oral cancers in Puerto Rico

Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul;98(7):1200-2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.118679. Epub 2008 May 29.


We evaluated a possible disparity in the detection of very early oral cancers in Puerto Rico relative to the United States. The percentage of in situ (noninvasive) cases among all oral cancer cases was calculated separately for Puerto Rico and the United States using population-based cancer registry data (1992-2001). In situ cancers constituted 1.2% of oral cancer cases in Puerto Rico and 3.4% in the United States (P<.001). These findings suggest a disparity in very early oral cancer detection in Puerto Rico compared with the United States.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mouth Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Oral Health*
  • Prevalence
  • Puerto Rico / epidemiology
  • Risk Assessment / statistics & numerical data
  • United States / epidemiology