Pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and neutropenia due to diazoxide therapy

Adv Ther. 2008 May;25(5):515-9. doi: 10.1007/s12325-008-0049-3.


Primary persistent hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia is characterised by clinical symptoms that occur when blood glucose levels drop below the normal range. Diazoxide treatment remains the mainstay of medical therapy. Tolerance of diazoxide is usually excellent, but several side effects of this drug have been described. We present a 4-month-old girl who developed pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and neutropenia during diazoxide therapy. Diazoxide toxicity was suspected and the drug was withdrawn on day 13. During the next 3 days, respiratory and haemodynamic status dramatically improved and she was weaned from mechanical ventilation. Control white blood cell count was 8800 cells/mm(3) and a new echocardiography showed modreduction of pulmonary artificial pressure to 20 mmHg and resolution of atrial and ventricular enlargement. Paediatric physicians should be in mind of pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and neutropenia developing during diazoxide therapy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Congenital Hyperinsulinism / drug therapy
  • Diazoxide / adverse effects*
  • Diazoxide / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / chemically induced*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / chemically induced*
  • Infant
  • Neutropenia / chemically induced*
  • Vasodilator Agents / adverse effects*
  • Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use


  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Diazoxide