Vascular birthmarks

Vasa. 2008 Feb;37(1):5-17. doi: 10.1024/0301-1526.37.1.5.


Vascular birthmarks can be classified into hemangioma and vascular malformations. Hemangioma are frequent tumours of early infancy demonstrating endothelial hyperplasia, a history of rapid neonatal growth and slow involution during later childhood. Treatment of hemangioma is dependent of stage and type of the lesion. Given the current availability of drugs, lasers, and other techniques to treat hemangioma safely, philosophy of "benign neglect" should not be considered anymore. Vascular malformations show a normal endothelial turnover, being present at birth and growing commensurately with the child. Exact diagnosis by employing modern diagnostic means,which are able to differentiate low-flow from high flow lesions is important for further therapeutic management. Beside conservative treatment strategies, use of laser, sclerotherapy, interventional embolization and surgical treatment are possible management options. Patients should receive multidisciplinary care in qualified vascular centres.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Hemangioma* / classification
  • Hemangioma* / pathology
  • Hemangioma* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lymphatic Abnormalities* / classification
  • Lymphatic Abnormalities* / pathology
  • Lymphatic Abnormalities* / therapy
  • Skin Abnormalities* / classification
  • Skin Abnormalities* / pathology
  • Skin Abnormalities* / therapy
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Malformations* / classification
  • Vascular Malformations* / pathology
  • Vascular Malformations* / therapy