Vascular smooth cell proliferation in perfusion culture of porcine carotid arteries

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Aug 8;372(4):668-73. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.05.117. Epub 2008 Jun 2.


Objective of this study was to develop a novel in vitro artery culture system to study vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation of porcine carotid arteries in response to injury, basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2), and FGF2 conjugated with cytotoxin saporin (SAP). Perfusion-cultured porcine carotid arteries remained contractile in response to norepinephrine and relaxant to acetylcholine for up to 96 h. SMC proliferation of cultured arteries was detected by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation in both non-injured and balloon-injured arteries. In the inner layer of the vessel wall near the lumen, SMC proliferation were less than 10% in uninjured vessels, 66% in injured vessels, 80% in injured vessels with FGF2 treatment, and 5% in injured vessels with treatment of FGF2-SAP. Thus, the cultured porcine carotid arteries were viable; and the injury stimulated SMC proliferation, which was significantly enhanced by FGF2 and inhibited by FGF2-SAP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carotid Arteries / cytology*
  • Carotid Arteries / drug effects
  • Carotid Arteries / physiology
  • Carotid Artery Injuries
  • Cell Culture Techniques*
  • Cell Proliferation* / drug effects
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / pharmacology
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / cytology*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / physiology
  • Perfusion
  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • Regeneration / drug effects
  • Swine


  • Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2