Tumor cell metabolism imaging

J Nucl Med. 2008 Jun;49 Suppl 2:43S-63S. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.107.045930.

Abstract

Molecular imaging of tumor metabolism has gained considerable interest, since preclinical studies have indicated a close relationship between the activation of various oncogenes and alterations of cellular metabolism. Furthermore, several clinical trials have shown that metabolic imaging can significantly impact patient management by improving tumor staging, restaging, radiation treatment planning, and monitoring of tumor response to therapy. In this review, we summarize recent data on the molecular mechanisms underlying the increased metabolic activity of cancer cells and discuss imaging techniques for studies of tumor glucose, lipid, and amino acid metabolism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism*
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology
  • Cellular Structures / metabolism
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Oncogenes / physiology
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Radiopharmaceuticals

Substances

  • Amino Acids
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Glucose