CXCR7, formerly called RDC1 is a recently deorphanized G-protein coupled receptor which binds with high affinity the inflammatory and homing chemokines CXCL11/ITAC and CXCL12/SDF-1. Despite its phylogenetic relation and ligand binding properties CXCR7 does not mediate typical chemokine receptor responses such as leukocyte trafficking. Recent findings in zebrafish indicate that a critical activity of the receptor is scavenging of CXCL12 thereby generating guidance cues for CXCR4-dependent migration. The observations do not exclude the possibility that the receptor is capable of inducing signal transduction which is suggestive from studies of tumor growth and survival. The pronounced expression in central and peripheral nervous tissue and the absence of a brain phenotype in CXCR7(-/-) mice suggest a subtle activity of the receptor.