Distribution of IgM and IgG antibodies to oxidized LDL in immune complexes isolated from patients with type 1 diabetes and its relationship with nephropathy

Clin Immunol. 2008 Jun;127(3):394-400. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2008.02.005.

Abstract

Modified lipoproteins are immunogenic and play a key pathogenic role in vascular disease. Antibodies to oxidized LDL (oxLDL) are mostly of the pro-inflammatory IgG1 and IgG3 isotypes. We measured IgG and IgM oxLDL antibodies in immune complexes (IC) isolated from 36 patients with type 1 diabetes using a nested case control design. IgG antibodies predominated over IgM antibodies by an 8:1 ratio. IgG antibody concentrations were higher in the nephropathy cases compared to controls (p = 0.09), but no significant difference was observed because of two patients included in the study who had end-stage renal disease (creatinine > 5 mg/dL and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 17 mL/min). After eliminating these patients from the analysis, significant positive associations of IgG antibody concentration with serum creatinine and albumin excretion rate were observed. Similarly, a negative correlation with estimated glomerular filtration rate was observed in this subsample of 34 patients. Differences in IgM antibody concentrations by nephropathy classification were not supported by the data. In conclusion, the predominance of pro-inflammatory IgG oxLDL antibodies is associated with existence of diabetic nephropathy, and a protective role of IgM antibodies could not be demonstrated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex / blood*
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex / immunology
  • Autoantibodies / blood*
  • Autoantibodies / immunology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / immunology*
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / blood
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood*
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin M / blood*
  • Immunoglobulin M / immunology
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / blood
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / immunology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects

Substances

  • Antigen-Antibody Complex
  • Autoantibodies
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • oxidized low density lipoprotein