Ergonomic hand tool and desk and chair development process

Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2008;14(2):247-52. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2008.11076756.


This paper suggests a practical and simple process consisting of 8 stages: needs assessment, ergonomics guidelines, anthropometry, brainstorming and idea sketch, preliminary model, drafting and rendering, working prototype, and user trials. The feasibility of this process was verified with the development of a modified clamping hand tool and a new student desk and chair. The case studies showed how design difficulties were overcome by integrating ergonomics guidelines in the process.

MeSH terms

  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / prevention & control
  • Equipment Design*
  • Ergonomics*
  • Humans
  • Man-Machine Systems*
  • Safety Management
  • Schools
  • Students