In 17 adults on a fixed metabolic diet, an 11-day course of cinacalcet increased serum gastrin and basal gastric acid output, but not maximal gastric acid output, compared with a placebo. These findings indicate that the calcium sensor receptor plays a role in the regulation of gastric acid.
Introduction: Gastric acid secretion is a complex process regulated by neuronal and hormonal pathways. Ex vivo studies in human gastric tissues indicate that the calcium sensing receptor (CaR), expressed on the surface of G and parietal cells, may be involved in this regulation. We sought to determine whether cinacalcet, a CaR allosteric agonist, increases serum gastrin and gastric acid secretion.
Methods: Seventeen healthy adults with normal gastric acid output were placed on an 18-day metabolic diet. On day 8 (baseline), participants were given cinacalcet (15 then 30 mg/day) or placebo for 11 days. Changes in gastric acid output, serum gastrin, and other measures were compared in the two groups.
Results: Changes in serum gastrin and basal acid output (adjusted for baseline body weight) were significantly more positive in the cinacalcet group compared with placebo (P = 0.004 and P = 0.039 respectively). Change in maximal acid output was similar in the two groups (P = 0.995). As expected, cinacalcet produced significant decreases in serum PTH (P < 0.001) and ionized calcium levels (P = 0.032), and increases in serum phosphorus levels (P = 0.001) and urinary calcium (P = 0.023).
Conclusions: This study provides in vivo evidence that activation of the CaR increases serum gastrin levels and basal gastric acid secretion in healthy adults.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00336739.