The term kangaroo mother care (KMC) is derived from practical similarities to marsupial care-giving, i.e., the premature infant is kept warm in the maternal pouch and close to the breasts for unlimited feeding. It is a gentle and effective method that avoids agitation routinely experienced in a busy ward with preterm infants. An important main stay of kangaroo mother care is breastfeeding encouragement. Observational studies have shown reduction in mortality after institution of KMC. Preterm babies exposed to skin to skin contact showed a better mental development and better results in motor tests. It also improves thermal care. All stable LBW babies are candidate for KMC. Often this is desirable, until the baby's gestation reaches term or the weight is around 2500 g. The mother and family members are encouraged to take care of the baby in KMC and should be counseled to come for follow-up visits regularly.