Murine intestinal cells expressing Trpm5 are mostly brush cells and express markers of neuronal and inflammatory cells

J Comp Neurol. 2008 Aug 10;509(5):514-25. doi: 10.1002/cne.21768.


To determine the role in chemosensation of intestinal solitary cells that express taste receptors and Trpm5, we carried out a microarray study of the transcriptome of FACS-sorted transgenic mouse intestinal cells expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) under the control of the Trpm5 promoter and compared it with that of intestinal cells that do not express eGFP. The findings of the study are: 1) Morphology and expression of markers show that most eGFP+ cells are brush cells. 2) The majority of proteins known to be involved in taste signal transduction are expressed in the eGFP+ cells, although the isoforms are not always the same. 3) eGFP+ cells express pre- and postsynaptic markers and nerves are often found in close proximity. 4) Several genes that play a role in inflammation are expressed specifically in eGFP+ cells. Furthermore, these cells express the entire biosynthesis pathway of leucotriene C4, an eicosanoid involved in modulation of intestinal smooth muscle contraction. 5) Angiotensinogen, renin, and succinate receptor genes are expressed in the eGFP+ cells, suggesting a role in the regulation of water and sodium transport, vasomotricity, and blood pressure. These data suggest that the Trpm5-expressing cells integrate many signals, including chemical signals from ingested food, and that they may regulate several physiological functions of the gastrointestinal tract.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Eating / genetics
  • Eating / physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology*
  • Genetic Markers / physiology
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Inflammation Mediators / metabolism
  • Inflammation Mediators / physiology*
  • Intestine, Small / metabolism*
  • Intestine, Small / pathology*
  • Intestine, Small / ultrastructure
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Microvilli / genetics
  • Microvilli / metabolism
  • Microvilli / ultrastructure
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Neurons / pathology*
  • Neurons / ultrastructure
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods
  • Signal Transduction / genetics
  • TRPM Cation Channels / biosynthesis*
  • TRPM Cation Channels / genetics


  • Genetic Markers
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • TRPM Cation Channels
  • Trpm5 protein, mouse
  • enhanced green fluorescent protein
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins