Prevention of infective endocarditis: revised guidelines from the American Heart Association and the implications for dentists

J Can Dent Assoc. 2008 Jun;74(5):449-53.


Infective endocarditis is a rare but life-threatening microbial infection of the heart valves or endocardium, most often related to congenital or acquired cardiac defects. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently updated its recommendations on prophylaxis during dental procedures. The revisions will have a profound impact on both the patient and the dental practitioner. The purpose of this paper is to review the pathogenesis and clinical presentation of infective endocarditis and discuss the 2007 AHA guidelines and their implications for dentists.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • American Heart Association
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis / standards*
  • Dental Care / adverse effects
  • Dental Care for Chronically Ill / standards*
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / drug therapy
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / etiology
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Risk Assessment
  • United States


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents