Introduction: Pediatric percutaneous renal biopsy (Bx) is a routine procedure in pediatric nephrology to obtain renal tissues for histological study. We evaluated the safety, efficacy, indications and renal findings of this procedure at a tertiary care pediatric university hospital and compared our findings with the literature.
Methods: Retrospective study based on medical records from January 1993 to June 2006.
Results: In the study period, 305 Bx were performed in 262 patients, 127 (48.5%) male, aged 9.8 A+/- 4.2 years. A 16-gauge needle was utilized in 56/305 Bx, an 18-gauge needle in 252/305 Bx (82.6%). 56.1% Bx were performed under sedation plus local anesthesia, 43.9% under general anesthesia. The number of punctures per Bx was 3.1 A+/- 1.3. Minor complications occurred in 8.6% procedures. The 16-gauge needle caused a higher frequency of renal hematomas (p = 0.05). The number of glomeruli per puncture was >or= 5 in 96.7% and >or= 7 in 92%. Glomeruli number per puncture and frequency of complications were not different according to the type of anesthesia used. A renal pathology diagnosis was achieved in 93.1% Bx. The main indications of Bx were nephrotic syndrome (NS), lupus nephritis (LN) and hematuria (HE). The diagnosis of minimal change disease (MCD) (61.3%), class V (35.6%) and IgA nephropathy (26.3%) predominated in NS, LN and HE patients, respectively.
Conclusion: Pediatric real-time ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy was safe and effective. The main clinical indications for Bx were NS and LN, the predominant renal pathology diagnoses were MCD and class V LN.