Involvement of elevated expression of multiple cell-cycle regulator, DTL/RAMP (denticleless/RA-regulated nuclear matrix associated protein), in the growth of breast cancer cells

Oncogene. 2008 Sep 25;27(43):5672-83. doi: 10.1038/onc.2008.186. Epub 2008 Jun 9.


To investigate the detailed molecular mechanism of mammary carcinogenesis and discover novel therapeutic targets, we previously analysed gene expression profiles of breast cancers. We here report characterization of a significant role of DTL/RAMP (denticleless/RA-regulated nuclear matrix associated protein) in mammary carcinogenesis. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and northern blot analyses confirmed upregulation of DTL/RAMP in the majority of breast cancer cases and all of breast cancer cell lines examined. Immunocytochemical and western blot analyses using anti-DTL/RAMP polyclonal antibody revealed cell-cycle-dependent localization of endogenous DTL/RAMP protein in breast cancer cells; nuclear localization was observed in cells at interphase and the protein was concentrated at the contractile ring in cytokinesis process. The expression level of DTL/RAMP protein became highest at G(1)/S phases, whereas its phosphorylation level was enhanced during mitotic phase. Treatment of breast cancer cells, T47D and HBC4, with small-interfering RNAs against DTL/RAMP effectively suppressed its expression and caused accumulation of G(2)/M cells, resulting in growth inhibition of cancer cells. We further demonstrate the in vitro phosphorylation of DTL/RAMP through an interaction with the mitotic kinase, Aurora kinase-B (AURKB). Interestingly, depletion of AURKB expression with siRNA in breast cancer cells reduced the phosphorylation of DTL/RAMP and decreased the stability of DTL/RAMP protein. These findings imply important roles of DTL/RAMP in growth of breast cancer cells and suggest that DTL/RAMP might be a promising molecular target for treatment of breast cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aurora Kinase B
  • Aurora Kinases
  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Mice
  • NIH 3T3 Cells
  • Nuclear Proteins / analysis
  • Nuclear Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nuclear Proteins / physiology*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / physiology
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases


  • DTL protein, human
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • AURKB protein, human
  • Aurkb protein, mouse
  • Aurora Kinase B
  • Aurora Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases