Volumetric sub-surface imaging using spectrally encoded endoscopy

Opt Express. 2008 Feb 4;16(3):1748-57. doi: 10.1364/oe.16.001748.


Endoscopic imaging below tissue surfaces and through turbid media may provide improved diagnostic capabilities and visibility in surgical settings. Spectrally encoded endoscopy (SEE) is a recently developed method that utilizes a single optical fiber, miniature optics and a diffractive grating for high-speed imaging through small diameter, flexible endoscopic probes. SEE has also been shown to provide three-dimensional topological imaging capabilities. In this paper, we have configured SEE to additionally image beneath tissue surfaces, by increasing the system's sensitivity and acquiring the complex spectral density for each spectrally resolved point on the sample. In order to demonstrate the capability of SEE to obtain subsurface information, we have utilized the system to image a resolution target through intralipid solution, and conduct volumetric imaging of a mouse embryo and excised human middle-ear ossicles. Our results demonstrate that real-time subsurface imaging is possible with this miniature endoscopy technique.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Data Compression / methods*
  • Endoscopes*
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Image Enhancement / instrumentation*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / instrumentation*
  • Microscopy / instrumentation*
  • Spectrum Analysis / instrumentation*
  • Tomography, Optical / instrumentation*