Excision of selectable genes from transgenic goat cells by a protein transducible TAT-Cre recombinase

Gene. 2008 Aug 1;419(1-2):70-4. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2008.04.020. Epub 2008 May 13.


The Cre/loxP site-specific recombination system is a widely used tool for genetic engineering of mammalian genomes. Recombination of loxP-modified alleles is often induced by introduction of foreign DNA vector expressing Cre into the cells. But the introduced DNA vector has the potential to integrate into the genome of the cells and continuous expression of Cre recombinase from the foreign vector has the potential to yield cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in various cells. In this study, we investigate the possibility of overcoming this limitation by using a cell-permeable TAT-Cre recombinase. We found that TAT-Cre treatment of transgenic goat fibroblast cells did not compromise the development competency of reconstructed embryos by using these TAT-Cre-treated cells as nuclear donor in nuclear transfer. Finally, we obtained two live cloned goats where a selectable gene cassette was removed. Our work not only provided an efficient protein transduction-based system for removing selectable genes from transgenic goats, but also presented strong evidence that no severe damage was made to the host cells during the process of protein transduction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified / genetics*
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloning, Organism / methods*
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial / genetics
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Genetic Engineering / methods*
  • Goats / genetics*
  • Integrases / genetics
  • Integrases / metabolism*
  • Karyotyping
  • Nuclear Transfer Techniques*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Skin / cytology
  • tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus / genetics
  • tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus / metabolism


  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Cre recombinase
  • Integrases