Increased levels of monohydroxy metabolites of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid in LDL and aorta from atherosclerotic rabbits

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Jul 9;1084(2):129-38. doi: 10.1016/0005-2760(91)90211-y.


Lipid peroxidation results in the formation of peroxy and hydroperoxy metabolites of polyunsaturated fatty acids which can directly or indirectly affect many cellular processes. Lipid hydroperoxides are rapidly metabolized to the corresponding monohydroxy products by various cellular peroxidases. We have measured the amounts of monohydroxy metabolites of linoleic acid (18:2) and arachidonic acid (20:4) in lipids derived from aorta and LDL from rabbits fed a diet enriched in cholesterol and peanut oil for either 8 or 15 weeks. Increased amounts of the 9-hydroxy, and, to a lesser extent, the 13-hydroxy metabolite of 18:2 were observed in aorta and LDL from cholesterol-fed rabbits at both 8 and 15 weeks. The amounts of esterified 11-, 12- and 15-hydroxy metabolites of 20:4 in aortae from cholesterol-fed rabbits were similar to controls after 8 weeks, but about 3-fold higher after 15 weeks. These monohydroxy metabolites of 20:4 were also detected in LDL lipids in cholesterol-fed rabbits. The greater amounts of hydroxy-18:2 in the cholesterol-fed group could be explained by an approx. 2-4-fold increase in 18:2 in aorta and LDL. In contrast, the amounts of 20:4 in aortic lipids were lower in cholesterol-fed rabbits than in controls. Thus, the percentage of esterified 20:4 which had been oxidized to its 11, 12, and 15-hydroxylated metabolites was about 5-times higher in the cholesterol-fed group. Our results would be consistent with the hypothesis that increased amounts of peroxidized 18:2 and 20:4 in lipids could be involved in the development of atherosclerotic lesions in cholesterol-fed rabbits.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aorta / metabolism*
  • Arachidonic Acids / metabolism*
  • Arteriosclerosis / blood
  • Arteriosclerosis / metabolism*
  • Cholesterol / metabolism
  • Diet, Atherogenic
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Hydroxy Acids / isolation & purification
  • Hydroxy Acids / metabolism*
  • Hypercholesterolemia / blood
  • Hypercholesterolemia / metabolism
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Linoleic Acids / metabolism*
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / blood
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Rabbits
  • Time Factors


  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Hydroxy Acids
  • Linoleic Acids
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Cholesterol