This study examines variation in the associations between cigarette smoking by mother or father and adolescent cigarette smoking by selected sociodemographic characteristics. The study data are from nationally representative samples of adolescents aged 12 to 17 living with their mothers (n=4734) and/or fathers (n=3176). Mother cigarette smoking was more strongly associated with cigarette smoking by daughters than sons. The association between father cigarette smoking and adolescent cigarette smoking did not vary by adolescent gender. The association between mother or father cigarette smoking and adolescent cigarette smoking did not vary by parent's education, family structure, or adolescent age or race/ethnicity.