Hydrolyzed casein influences intestinal mucin gene expression in the rat

J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Jul 23;56(14):5572-6. doi: 10.1021/jf800080e. Epub 2008 Jun 18.

Abstract

The effect of hydrolyzed casein (HC) on the expression of three mucin genes (Muc2, Muc3, and Muc4) in the rat intestine was investigated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. After a 10 day acclimatization period, rats received for 8 days the test diets containing either HC or a synthetic amino acid (SAA) mixture as the sole source of nitrogen or a protein-free (PF) diet (n = 12 per treatment). The addition of HC or the SAA mixture to the diet significantly improved average daily gain, average daily food intake, and gain:feed ratio as compared with the PF diet. Terminal ileal endogenous N flow was significantly higher for the HC-fed rats in comparison with either the SAA or the PF rats (p < or = 0.001). HC supported a significant increase of Muc3 mRNA (277 and 229% of that for diets PF and SAA, respectively; p < or = 0.05) in the small intestinal tissue and Muc4 mRNA (325 and 265% of that for diets PF and SAA, respectively; p < or = 0.05) in the colon. In conclusion, HC enhances ileal endogenous N flow and up-regulates in vivo the expression of some individual mucin genes.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caseins / administration & dosage
  • Caseins / pharmacology*
  • Diet
  • Gene Expression / drug effects*
  • Hydrolysis
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism*
  • Intestines / chemistry
  • Male
  • Mucins / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Substances

  • Caseins
  • Mucins
  • RNA, Messenger