Molecular basis of drug resistance in aurora kinases

Chem Biol. 2008 Jun;15(6):552-62. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2008.04.013.

Abstract

Aurora kinases have emerged as potential targets in cancer therapy, and several drugs are currently undergoing preclinical and clinical validation. Whether clinical resistance to these drugs can arise is unclear. We exploited a hypermutagenic cancer cell line to select mutations conferring resistance to a well-studied Aurora inhibitor, ZM447439. All resistant clones contained dominant point mutations in Aurora B. Three mutations map to residues in the ATP-binding pocket that are distinct from the "gatekeeper" residue. The mutants retain wild-type catalytic activity and were resistant to all of the Aurora inhibitors tested. Our studies predict that drug-resistant Aurora B mutants are likely to arise during clinical treatment. Furthermore, because the plasticity of the ATP-binding pocket renders Aurora B insensitive to multiple inhibitors, our observations indicate that the drug-resistant Aurora B mutants should be exploited as novel drug targets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Aurora Kinase B
  • Aurora Kinases
  • Benzamides / chemistry
  • Benzamides / pharmacology*
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm*
  • Humans
  • Models, Molecular
  • Phosphorylation
  • Point Mutation
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / chemistry
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics*
  • Quinazolines / chemistry
  • Quinazolines / pharmacology*

Substances

  • 4-(4-(N-benzoylamino)anilino)-6-methoxy-7-(3-(1-morpholino)propoxy)quinazoline
  • Benzamides
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Quinazolines
  • AURKB protein, human
  • Aurora Kinase B
  • Aurora Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases

Associated data

  • PDB/2VRX