Mechanism of dietary salt-mediated increase in intravascular production of TGF-beta1

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2008 Aug;295(2):F406-14. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.90294.2008. Epub 2008 Jun 18.


Clinical and preclinical studies have demonstrated an important effect of arterial pathobiology on the progressive loss of renal function that occurs in chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease, in turn, promotes alterations in vascular function. A modulating role for dietary salt has been suggested, with the amount of salt intake regulating endothelial cell production of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), a fibrogenic growth factor that promotes arteriosclerosis and glomerulosclerosis. The purpose of the present studies was to determine how the interaction between dietary salt intake and vasculature promoted the production of TGF-beta1 in rats. Two different vascular tissues, aortic rings and glomeruli, were chosen for study. Dietary salt induced, in a dose-dependent fashion, activation of proline-rich tyrosine kinase-2 (Pyk2) and further identified c-Src as an important binding partner of Pyk2 in these tissues. Use of pharmacological inhibitors and dominant negative strategies confirmed that dietary salt induced complex formation of Pyk2 and c-Src with downstream activation of p38 and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases and generation of TGF-beta1. The experiments defined the molecular signaling events that promoted the production of TGF-beta1, a key growth factor involved in the vascular response to increased salt intake.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aorta / metabolism
  • CSK Tyrosine-Protein Kinase
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 2 / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 / metabolism
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Sodium, Dietary / pharmacology*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1 / metabolism*
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • src-Family Kinases


  • Sodium, Dietary
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • CSK Tyrosine-Protein Kinase
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 2
  • src-Family Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases