Effects of group music intervention on depression, anxiety, and relationships in psychiatric patients: a pilot study

J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Jun;14(5):567-70. doi: 10.1089/acm.2008.0006.


Objective: To test whether group music therapy is effective for improving depression, anxiety, and relationships in psychiatric patients.

Methods: Twenty six patients were non-randomly allocated to either a music intervention group or a routine care group. The music intervention group received 60 minutes of music intervention for 15 sessions (1 or 2 times weekly). The outcomes were measured with Beck's Depression Inventory, the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Relationship Change Scale.

Results: After 15 sessions, the music intervention group showed significant improvements in depression, anxiety, and relationships compared with the control group.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that music can improve depression, anxiety, and relationships in psychiatric patients. However, we cannot elucidate the nonspecific effects. Furthermore, objective and replicable measures are required from a randomized controlled trial with a larger sample size and an active comparable control.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / prevention & control*
  • Depression / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inpatients / psychology
  • Korea
  • Male
  • Mentally Ill Persons*
  • Middle Aged
  • Music Therapy / methods*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Psychiatric Department, Hospital / organization & administration
  • Quality of Life
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome