Background: Despite advances in the treatment of skin psoriasis during the last years, therapy of psoriatic nails remains a challenge. Objectives The objective of this unblended, nonrandomized, open-label study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of infliximab on nail psoriasis.
Patients/methods: Eighteen psoriatic patients with nail involvement, consecutively selected among patients scheduled to start infliximab infusions were included in the study. Thirteen of these patients had psoriatic arthritis and five had severe plaque type psoriasis. Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and at weeks 14, 22, 30 and 38 using the nail psoriasis severity index (NAPSI). Patients also filled in a Greek translation of the international onychomycosis-specific questionnaire to assess improvement in quality of life after improvement of psoriatic nail signs.
Results: All 18 patients completed the study. Significant improvement was noted in most patients after the third infusion as shown by the reduction of mean NAPSI (NAPSIm) from 55.8 at baseline to 29.8 at week 14. Evaluation after six infusions, at week 38, showed an almost complete resolution of psoriatic nail involvement (NAPSIm: 3.3). No adverse event was observed. All patients reported satisfaction with the results and significant improvement in their quality of life with reduction of the score of the international quality of life questionnaire from 66.3 at baseline to 19.1 at week 38.
Conclusions: Alphalthough there is no control group, this data suggests that infliximab is effective for psoriatic nail disease in the context of severe skin and joint involvement.