Risk factors associated with local recurrence of early gastric cancers after endoscopic submucosal dissection

Gastrointest Endosc. 2008 Nov;68(5):887-94. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2008.03.1089. Epub 2008 Jun 18.


Background: Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is expected to reduce the local recurrence of gastric cancers, we still experience cases of recurrence after an ESD.

Objective: To characterize clinical and pathologic features of cases with local recurrence of early gastric cancer after an ESD.

Design: A prospective cohort study.

Setting and patients: A total of 306 patients with gastric cancers removed by ESD at Okayama University Hospital and Tsuyama Central Hospital between March 2001 and December 2005 were enrolled.

Intervention: ESD.

Main outcome measurement: Local recurrence.

Results: The incidence of a complete en bloc resection was 80.4% when pathologically evaluated. Within a median follow-up period of 26 months (12-64 months), a local recurrence was found in 7 cases, all of which had been declared incomplete resections. One patient underwent a second ESD, and the remaining 6 underwent a surgical resection. All removed lesions were mucosal cancers. No lymph-node metastases were found in patients with a surgical resection. There was a significant correlation between the incidence of an incomplete resection and that of a local recurrence (P < .0001). Among the clinical characteristics, tumor size (>30 mm vs <20 mm; odds ratio [OR] 16 mm [95% CI, 2.0-130 mm]) and tumor location (upper vs middle or lower; OR 7.6 [95% CI, 1.3-45]) were identified as factors that were significantly associated with the incidence of a local recurrence.

Limitation: Short follow-up duration.

Conclusions: The incidence of a local recurrence was strongly associated with that of an incomplete resection. The frequency of a local recurrence also showed significant correlations with the tumor size and location within the stomach.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery*
  • Gastric Mucosa / surgery*
  • Gastroscopy*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local* / etiology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local* / surgery
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery*