Comparison of the recovery patterns of language and cognitive functions in patients with post-traumatic language processing deficits and in patients with aphasia following a stroke

J Commun Disord. Nov-Dec 2008;41(6):531-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2008.04.001. Epub 2008 May 4.

Abstract

In this study we investigated the recovery patterns of language and cognitive functions in patients with post-traumatic language processing deficits and in patients with aphasia following a stroke. The correlation of specific language functions and cognitive functions was analyzed in the acute phase and 6 months later. Significant recovery of the tested functions was observed in both groups. However, in patients with post-traumatic language processing deficits the degree of recovery of most language functions and some cognitive functions was higher. A significantly greater correlation was revealed within language and cognitive functions, as well as between language functions and other aspects of cognition in patients with post-traumatic language processing deficits than in patients with aphasia following a stroke. Our results show that patients with post-traumatic language processing deficits have a different recovery pattern and a different pattern of correlation between language and cognitive functions compared to patients with aphasia following a stroke.

Learning outcomes: (1) Better understanding of the differences in recovery of language and cognitive functions in patients who have suffered strokes and those who have experienced traumatic brain injury. (2) Better understanding of the relationship between language and cognitive functions in patients with post-traumatic language processing deficits and in patients with aphasia following a stroke. (3) Better understanding of the factors influencing recovery.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aphasia / diagnosis
  • Aphasia / etiology*
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Cognition Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language Disorders / diagnosis
  • Language Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Recovery of Function*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Speech Perception*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology*
  • Stroke / complications*
  • Verbal Behavior
  • Young Adult