We herein isolated plasmalogen-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mutant, ZPEG251, with a phenotype of normal import of peroxisomal matrix and membrane proteins. In ZPEG251, plasmenylethanolamine (PlsEtn) was severely reduced. Complementation analysis by expression of genes responsible for the plasmalogen biogenesis suggested that alkyl-dihydroxyacetonephosphate synthase (ADAPS), catalyzing the second step of plasmalogen biogenesis, was deficient in ZPEG251. ADAPS mRNA was barely detectable as verified by Northern blot and reverse transcription-PCR analyses. Defect of ADAPS expression was also assessed by immunoblot. As a step toward delineating functional roles of PlsEtn, we investigated its subcellular localization. PlsEtn was localized to post-Golgi compartments and enriched in detergent-resistant membranes. Transport of PlsEtn to post-Golgi compartments was apparently affected by lowering cellular ATP, but not by inhibitors of microtubule assembly and vesicular transport. Partitioning of cholesterol and sphingomyelin, a typical feature of lipid rafts, was not impaired in plasmalogen-deficient cells, including peroxisome assembly-defective mutants, hence suggesting that PlsEtn was not essential for lipid-raft architecture in CHO cells.