Effects of natural gas condensate - water accommodated fraction on coral larvae

Mar Pollut Bull. 2008 Aug;56(8):1422-8. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.05.008. Epub 2008 Jun 24.


The toxic effects of the water accommodated fraction (WAF) of a natural gas condensate on the larvae of five brooding coral species of the Family Pocilloporidae were examined in short term (96 h) bioassays. Lethality was observed in some larvae of Seriatopora hystrix and Seriatopora guttatus upon exposure to high concentrations of the condensate WAF, while those of Stylophora pistillata, Pocillopora damicornis and Pocillopora verrucosa did not experience mortality. Furthermore, increasing concentrations of WAF produced either delayed or impeded metamorphosis for all species except P. damicornis. Growth of juveniles, exposed to different WAF treatments for 96 h during their larval/early juvenile stages, was measured after 30 d. Marked decrease in subsequent growth rate (polyp count) was observed for S. hystrix, S. guttatus and S. pistillata with increasing WAF concentration. The results showed differential susceptibility of larvae of closely related coral species to oil stress, with the following sensitivity ranking: S. guttatus>S. hystrix>S. pistillata>P. verrucosa>P. damicornis. Oil exposure during the planktonic, larval stage of susceptible corals can adversely affect survivorship, recruitment and/or subsequent colony growth, thereby having profound consequences for the abundance of these corals in space and time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anthozoa / drug effects*
  • Anthozoa / growth & development
  • Fossil Fuels / toxicity*
  • Larva / drug effects
  • Larva / growth & development
  • Metamorphosis, Biological / drug effects
  • Survival Analysis
  • Water / chemistry*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / toxicity*


  • Fossil Fuels
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Water