[PEP or no PEP? The rational of initiating postexposure prophylaxis]

Rev Med Suisse. 2008 Apr 9;4(152):894-5, 899-900.
[Article in French]


Every day, doctors are faced with the dilemma of starting a postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) against HIV, HBV and HCV. A 28 days course of highly active antiretroviral therapy, chosen on the basis of the source's HIV resistance profile, should be initiated, as soon as possible, to reduce the likelihood of HIV transmission. Complete vaccination against HBV (3 doses) is associated with a 100% seroprotection in children and 95% in adults. There is no specific prophylaxis against HCV. Because of the complexity of these situations, we have edited local guidelines, which take into account not only international and Swiss recommendations, but also our experts' opinions. It is important to stress that PEP does not replace standard precautions.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Hepatitis B / prevention & control*
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines / therapeutic use
  • Hepatitis C / prevention & control*
  • Humans


  • Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • Antiviral Agents
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines