Acute lung injury and other serious complications of Plasmodium vivax malaria

Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Jul;8(7):449-54. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(08)70153-1.


Plasmodium vivax infection is classified among the so-called benign malarias, but it is increasingly recognised that serious and even life-threatening complications may occur. We present the case of a returning traveller with P vivax infection who developed acute lung injury 3 days into treatment, and discuss the serious complications of this infection. The case highlights the fact that P vivax infection is benign by name but not always by nature.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Clinical Conference

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antimalarials / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Malaria, Vivax / complications*
  • Malaria, Vivax / drug therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plasmodium vivax / isolation & purification
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / etiology*


  • Antimalarials