Depressive and anxiety disorders in different ethnic groups: a population based study among native Dutch, and Turkish, Moroccan and Surinamese migrants in Amsterdam

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2008 Nov;43(11):905-12. doi: 10.1007/s00127-008-0382-5. Epub 2008 Jun 28.


Introduction: To explore ethnic differences in psychopathology, this study examined the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders among different ethnic groups in Amsterdam and determined whether ethnic differences can be explained by socio-demographic differences.

Methods: A population-based sample of 321 Dutch, 231 Turkish, 191 Moroccan, 87 Surinamese/Antilleans was interviewed by well-trained bilingual interviewers, using the CIDI 2.1. Educational level and income were used as indicators of socio-economic status.

Results: The weighed 1-month prevalence of depressive and/or anxiety disorders was 6.6% (Dutch), 18.7% (Turkish), 9.8% (Moroccans) and 1.2 % (Surinamese/Antilleans). Among Moroccans, the prevalence of affective disorders seemed higher in men than in women, among the Turkish the opposite was observed. Ethnic differences in prevalence could not be explained by socioeconomic differences.

Conclusion: Turkish women and men and Moroccan men in Amsterdam seem to have a higher risk of current affective disorders. Ethnicity is an independent predictor of common mental disorders in the Netherlands.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis
  • Anxiety Disorders / ethnology*
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder / ethnology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morocco / ethnology
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Suriname / ethnology
  • Transients and Migrants / psychology*
  • Turkey / ethnology
  • Young Adult