Rates of revision surgery using Chevron-Austin osteotomy, Lapidus arthrodesis, and closing base wedge osteotomy for correction of hallux valgus deformity

J Foot Ankle Surg. Jul-Aug 2008;47(4):267-72. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2008.03.002. Epub 2008 May 9.


To identify complications that necessitated revision surgery after the primary operation, a multicenter retrospective chart review was conducted for 646 patients who received either a modified chevron-Austin osteotomy (270 patients), modified Lapidus arthrodesis (342 patients), or closing base wedge osteotomy (34 patients) to correct hallux valgus deformity. Revision surgery for complications was calculated and compared. All surgery was performed by 1 of 5 staff foot and ankle surgeons at Kaiser Permanente medical centers. Complications included recurrent hallux valgus, iatrogenic hallux varus, painful retained hardware, nonunion, postoperative infection, and capital fragment dislocation. The rates of revision surgery after Lapidus arthrodesis, closing base wedge osteotomy and chevron-Austin osteotomy were similar with no statistical difference between them. The total rate for re-operation was 5.56% among patients who received chevron-Austin osteotomy, 8.82% among those who had a closing base wedge osteotomy, and 8.19% for patients who received modified Lapidus arthrodesis. Among patients who had the chevron-Austin osteotomy procedure, rates of re-operation were 1.85% for recurrent hallux valgus and 1.48% for hallux varus. Among patients who had the modified Lapidus arthrodesis, rates of re-operation were 2.92% for recurrent hallux valgus and 0.29% for hallux varus. Among patients who had the closing base wedge osteotomy, rates of reoperation were 2.94% for recurrent hallux valgus and 2.94% for hallux varus. The collected comparative complication rates should serve to provide adjunctive information for foot and ankle surgeons and patients regarding hallux valgus surgery.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Arthrodesis / adverse effects
  • Arthrodesis / instrumentation
  • Arthrodesis / methods*
  • Female
  • Hallux Valgus / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteotomy / adverse effects
  • Osteotomy / instrumentation
  • Osteotomy / methods*
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Failure