ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 95: anemia in pregnancy

Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jul;112(1):201-7. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181809c0d.


Anemia, the most common hematologic abnormality, is a reduction in the concentration of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in blood. The two most common causes of anemia in pregnancy and the puerperium are iron deficiency and acute blood loss. Iron requirements increase during pregnancy, and a failure to maintain sufficient levels of iron may result in adverse maternal-fetal consequences. The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of the causes of anemia in pregnancy, review iron requirements, and provide recommendations for screening and clinical management of anemia during pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • African Americans
  • Anemia / drug therapy*
  • Anemia / ethnology
  • Anemia / etiology
  • Erythrocyte Transfusion
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iron / metabolism
  • Iron / therapeutic use*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / drug therapy*
  • Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / ethnology
  • Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / etiology
  • Trace Elements / therapeutic use*
  • Whites


  • Trace Elements
  • Iron