The effects of improvisational music therapy on joint attention behaviors in autistic children: a randomized controlled study

J Autism Dev Disord. 2008 Oct;38(9):1758-66. doi: 10.1007/s10803-008-0566-6. Epub 2008 Jul 1.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of improvisational music therapy on joint attention behaviors in pre-school children with autism. It was a randomized controlled study employing a single subject comparison design in two different conditions, improvisational music therapy and play sessions with toys, and using standardized tools and DVD analysis of sessions to evaluate behavioral changes in children with autism. The overall results indicated that improvisational music therapy was more effective at facilitating joint attention behaviors and non-verbal social communication skills in children than play. Session analysis showed significantly more and lengthier events of eye contact and turn-taking in improvisational music therapy than play sessions. The implications of these findings are discussed further.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attention*
  • Autistic Disorder / therapy*
  • Child
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Music Therapy / methods*