Background: Although age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000) for melanoma are lower among Hispanics and blacks (4.5 and 1.0, respectively) compared with white non-Hispanics (21.6), melanomas among minority populations in the United States are more likely to metastasize and have poorer outcomes.
Methods: A review of the literature was conducted on melanomas affecting Hispanic and black Americans.
Results: Because of the low index of suspicion in both the medical community and these ethnic populations, diagnosis is often delayed, resulting in advanced presentation and a poorer prognosis.
Conclusions: More comprehensive medical training, expanded public educational campaigns, and increased awareness among patients of all skin types to perform self skin checks are recommended. Further studies elucidating the etiology and risk factors for melanoma among minority populations are warranted.