An integrated cross-platform prognosis study on neuroblastoma patients

Genomics. 2008 Oct;92(4):195-203. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2008.05.014. Epub 2008 Jul 30.


There have been several reports about the potential for predicting prognosis of neuroblastoma patients using microarray gene expression profiling of the tumors. However these studies have revealed an apparent diversity in the identity of the genes in their predictive signatures. To test the contribution of the platform to this discrepancy we applied the z-scoring method to minimize the impact of platform and combine gene expression profiles of neuroblastoma (NB) tumors from two different platforms, cDNA and Affymetrix. A total of 12442 genes were common to both cDNA and Affymetrix arrays in our data set. Two-way ANOVA analysis was applied to the combined data set for assessing the relative effect of prognosis and platform on gene expression. We found that 26.6% (3307) of the genes had significant impact on survival. There was no significant impact of microarray platform on expression after application of z-scoring standardization procedure. Artificial neural network (ANN) analysis of the combined data set in a leave-one-out prediction strategy correctly predicted the outcome for 90% of the samples. Hierarchical clustering analysis using the top-ranked 160 genes showed the great separation of two clusters, and the majority of matched samples from the different platforms were clustered next to each other. The ANN classifier trained with our combined cross-platform data for these 160 genes could predict the prognosis of 102 independent test samples with 71% accuracy. Furthermore it correctly predicted the outcome for 85/102 (83%) NB patients through the leave-one-out cross-validation approach. Our study showed that gene expression studies performed in different platforms could be integrated for prognosis analysis after removing variation resulting from different platforms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Neuroblastoma / genetics
  • Neuroblastoma / metabolism*
  • Neuroblastoma / mortality*
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate


  • Neoplasm Proteins