Molecular diagnostic tools in mycobacteriology

J Microbiol Methods. 2008 Sep;75(1):1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.mimet.2008.05.023. Epub 2008 Jul 2.


Although the diagnosis of mycobacteriosis and susceptibility testing are still primarily based on conventional methods (staining, culture, biochemical analysis, proportional method), a series of molecular assays are increasingly introduced and incorporated in the workflow of clinical mycobacteriology laboratories worldwide. These assays are rapid and offer high sensitivities and specificities. In the present review, we describe the molecular assays concerning the early detection of Mycobacteria in clinical specimens, the identification of mycobacterial species, the detection of drug resistance and the typing for epidemiological investigations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Bacteriological Techniques / methods*
  • Genetic Techniques*
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods
  • Mycobacterium / drug effects
  • Mycobacterium / genetics*
  • Mycobacterium / isolation & purification*
  • Mycobacterium Infections / diagnosis*
  • Mycobacterium Infections / epidemiology
  • Mycobacterium Infections / microbiology