Background and aim: N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 is detected in normal tissue but is down-regulated in cancer tissue. Furthermore, research has suggested that co-expression with p53 is necessary for induction of p53-mediated apoptosis. This study sought to investigate the clinicopathological significance of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 and p53 expression in gastric cancer tissue.
Patients and methods: Immunohistochemical detection of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 and p53 was performed with tissue samples from 96 cases of gastric cancer, and the relationship between expression profiles of proteins and clinicopathological characteristics was statistically analysed.
Results: Positive staining of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 was observed in the cytoplasm (22 of 96 cases, 22.9%) and/or nucleus (29 of 96 cases, 30.2%) of cancer cells. In 15 cases (15.6%), both cytoplasm-positive cells and nucleus-positive cells were observed in the cancerous region. The nuclear localization of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 was frequently observed in the region of cancerous invasion and was significantly related to lymph node metastasis. In addition, accumulation of p53 protein in the nucleus of cancer cells significantly coincided with the nuclear localization of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1.
Conclusions: Localization of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 and its significant correlation with p53 expression may play an important role in cancer progression.