Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Multicenter Study
, 47 (2), 116-23

Mortality and Causes of Death After Hospital-Treated Self-Poisoning in Oslo: A 20-year Follow-Up

Affiliations
Multicenter Study

Mortality and Causes of Death After Hospital-Treated Self-Poisoning in Oslo: A 20-year Follow-Up

Mari Asphjell Bjornaas et al. Clin Toxicol (Phila).

Abstract

Introduction: Self-poisoning is a risk factor for premature death and for suicide, but for how long? The aims were to examine the mortality rate, causes of death, and risk factors for mortality and suicide during 20 years.

Method: Prospective cohort study including all patients discharged after self-poisoning from all medical departments in Oslo in 1980 (n = 946, 51 % females, median age 31 years). Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and Cox regression analysis were used.

Results: During follow-up, 355 (37.5%) of the patients died, SMR 4.6 (95% CI, 4.2-5.1). After 15 years, the SMR was still 3.3 (95% C.I., 2.5-4.2). Sixty-seven (7.1%) committed suicide, SMR 26.7 (95% CI, 21.0-33.9). The risk of death from all causes was significantly higher. Unspecific risk factors for death were found. A suicidal motive was the only risk factor for suicide.

Conclusion: The mortality rate implies a poor prognosis in this patient group.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 19 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback