Trends in hepatitis B virus infection among blood donors in Kelantan, Malaysia: a retrospective study

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2007 Nov;38(6):1070-4.


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and trends in hepatitis B infection among blood donors attending the Transfusion Medicine Unit at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia. A retrospective study was carried out by reviewing the results of HBsAg among blood donors for the years 2000 to 2004. During this period, 44,658 blood donors were studied. We noted that there was a significant difference in the prevalence of hepatitis B infection between regular and first time donors. There was also a decreasing trend noticed in both study groups. The mean prevalence was significantly different between first time (1.83%) and regular donors (0.45%) (p < 0.005). There is a need to improve public awareness programs to lower the incidence of hepatitis B infection in the general population and consequently first time blood donors. Future studies are also required to determine the trends and outcomes of these programs.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Donors*
  • Female
  • Hepatitis B / epidemiology*
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens / blood
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens / isolation & purification
  • Hepatitis B virus*
  • Humans
  • Malaysia / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens