Upright MRI of the shoulder demonstrates labrum dynamics

Int J Sports Med. 2008 Dec;29(12):999-1002. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1038743. Epub 2008 Jul 9.


Conservative treatment of anterior shoulder luxation includes immobilization in internal rotation. This has been increasingly debated, but imaging techniques in supine position do not reflect the influence of gravity. To examine glenoid labrum dynamics, the shoulders of 15 healthy subjects were imaged in standing position at different (0, 15, 30) degrees of external rotation using the Upright MRI. The functional length of the anterior labrum was measured. Due to an increasing tension of the anterior capsule, functional labrum length increased the more, the more the humerus was externally rotated. The results underline the usefulness of the Upright MRI and support the concept of immobilization in the position of external rotation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Equipment Design*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immobilization / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / instrumentation*
  • Male
  • Orthotic Devices*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Posture
  • Shoulder / anatomy & histology
  • Shoulder / physiology*
  • Shoulder Dislocation / rehabilitation
  • Shoulder Dislocation / therapy*