The zinc-coordinated protein motifs known as RING-finger domains, present on a class of ubiquitin ligases (E3's), recruit ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s), tethering them to substrate proteins for covalent modification with ubiquitin. Each RING-finger domain can recruit different E2s, and these interactions are frequently selective, in that certain RING-finger domains associate preferentially with certain E2s. This selectivity acquires particular biological relevance when the recruited E2s exert specialized functions. We have explored the determinants that specify the presence or absence of experimentally detectable interaction between two RING-finger domains, those on RNF11 and RNF103, and two E2s, UBC13, a specialized E2 that catalyzes ubiquitin chain elongation through Lys63 of ubiquitin, and UbcH7, which mediates polyubiquitylation through Lys48. Through the iterative use of computational predictive tools and experimental validations, we have found that these interactions and their selectivity are partly governed by the combinations of electrostatic interactions linking specific residues of the contact interfaces. Our analysis also predicts that the main determinants of selectivity of these interactions reside on the RING-finger domains, rather than on the E2s. The application of some of these rules of interaction selectivity has permitted us to experimentally manipulate the selectivity of interaction of the RING-finger domain-E2 pairs under study.
(c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.