Nurses' solutions to prevent inpatient falls in hospital patient rooms

Nurs Econ. May-Jun 2008;26(3):179-87.


Patient fall rates are perceived as the indicator that could be most improved through nurse-led safety strategies or interventions. A safety-driven design with a goal to prevent inpatient fall-related injuries should be a hospital design principle. In this qualitative study, researchers used inductive and deductive methods to understand the clinically accessible solutions to minimize the extrinsic risk factors of inpatient falls. The findings from the nurse interviews were compared with the intervention strategies toward the five primary root causes of fatal falls as suggested by the Joint Commission (2005b). Twenty-four solutions were identified from the nurse interview transcriptions: five were related to the dimension of inadequate caregiver communication, none was associated with the dimension of inadequate staff orientation and training, three were related to inadequate assessment and reassessment, 15 were associated with unsafe care environment, and one was related to inadequate care planning and provision.

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / prevention & control*
  • Hospitals*
  • Humans
  • Inpatients*
  • Nurses*
  • Patients' Rooms*