The chemokine CXCL16 induces migration and invasion of glial precursor cells via its receptor CXCR6

Mol Cell Neurosci. 2008 Sep;39(1):133-41. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2008.03.009. Epub 2008 Apr 10.


Chemokines are implicated in developmental and inflammatory processes in the brain. The transmembrane chemokine CXCL16 is produced in brain endothelial and reactive astroglial cells and released by shedding. Its receptor CXCR6 is detected during brain development highest at postnatal day 6, found in glial precursor cells differentiated from neural stem cells and in an A2B5-positive glial precursor cell line. Their stimulation by soluble CXCL16 induces the PI3-kinase/Akt and Erk pathways resulting in the activation of the transcription factor AP-1. As biological responses, soluble CXCL16 upregulates its own receptor, increases cell proliferation, stimulates cell migration in wound-healing and in spheroid confrontation assays. Invasion of CXCR6-positive glial cells into CXCL16-expressing spheroids can be blocked by sheddase inhibitors and CXCL16-antibody. Since CXCL16 is induced by cytokines at sites of inflammation, neurodegeneration, ischemia and malignant transformation, it should attract CXCR6-positive glial precursor cells, enhance their invasion and proliferation and thus favor astrogliosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Astrocytes / cytology
  • Astrocytes / physiology*
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Brain / cytology
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cell Movement / physiology*
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Chemokine CXCL16
  • Chemokine CXCL6 / genetics
  • Chemokine CXCL6 / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / metabolism
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / genetics
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • NF-kappa B / genetics
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • Receptors, CXCR / genetics
  • Receptors, CXCR / metabolism*
  • Receptors, CXCR6
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Stem Cells / cytology
  • Stem Cells / physiology*
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / genetics
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism


  • Biomarkers
  • Chemokine CXCL16
  • Chemokine CXCL6
  • Cxcl16 protein, mouse
  • Cxcr6 protein, mouse
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • NF-kappa B
  • Receptors, CXCR
  • Receptors, CXCR6
  • Transcription Factor AP-1
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases