Molecular diversity of TEX101, a marker glycoprotein for germ cells monitored with monoclonal antibodies: variety of the molecular characteristics according to subcellular localization within the mouse testis

J Reprod Immunol. 2008 Oct;79(1):1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jri.2008.05.001. Epub 2008 Jul 11.


TEX101 was characterized as a unique germ cell marker molecule using the specific monoclonal antibody (mAb), TES101. Although this mAb has strong affinity/specificity for TEX101, TES101 mAb loses its reactivity under reducing conditions. In this study, we have generated new mAbs against TEX101 to compensate for the shortcomings of the TES101 mAb using different approaches. First, we immunized mice with the antigen on a baculovirus expression system and isolated new anti-TEX101 mAbs, 6002 and 6035. Second, we raised the mAb Ts4 from spleen cells of an immunologically naive old mouse. Western blot analysis revealed that the new mAbs possess immunoreactivity under reducing/non-reducing conditions. Immunopositive staining of the mAbs against Bouin-fixed sections was observed in spermatocytes, spermatids and testicular spermatozoa, but not in other cells, similar to paraformaldehyde (PFA)-fixed frozen sections stained with TES101 as previously reported. However, whereas the mAbs 6002/6035 mainly showed immunoreactivity only in spermatocytes in PFA-fixed frozen sections, the reactivity of the mAbs to spermatids and testicular spermatozoa was clearly recovered when the PFA-fixed sections were autoclaved or treated with SDS. Peptide mapping and deglycosylation analysis indicated that the epitopes for TES101, 6002 and 6035 are located within TEX101(25-94), whereas Ts4 recognized N-linked carbohydrate moieties on TEX101 in Triton X-100-soluble mouse testicular extracts but not in the extracellular or water-soluble fractions. These results suggest strongly that the molecular association or structure of N-linked carbohydrate moieties of TEX101 varies according to its subcellular localization within the seminiferous tubules. These new mAbs will be valuable tools for further analysis of TEX101, including its function(s).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / analysis*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / chemistry
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antigens, Surface / analysis*
  • Antigens, Surface / chemistry
  • Antigens, Surface / immunology
  • Biomarkers
  • Female
  • GPI-Linked Proteins
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Testis / chemistry*
  • Testis / ultrastructure


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Surface
  • Biomarkers
  • GPI-Linked Proteins
  • TEX101 protein, mouse