[Pulmonary vein isolation in treatment of atrial fibrillation--strategies, results and complications]

Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol. 2008 Jun;19(2):73-8. doi: 10.1007/s00399-008-0002-9. Epub 2008 Jul 13.
[Article in German]


Atrial fibrillation is a relevant challenge for health care systems in Europe and North America. Interventional treatment of atrial fibrillation in terms of ablation of atrial structures including isolation of the pulmonary veins is nowadays established as an alternative to drug therapy, especially if treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs has been ineffective. Recently published European and North American guidelines support this strategy. This article describes different techniques of atrial fibrillation ablation including intracardiac echo-guided pulmonary vein isolation. Potential complications, success rates and different follow-up strategies are specified. Furthermore interventional treatment of atrial fibrillation of heart failure patients is discussed.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Catheter Ablation / methods*
  • Heart Conduction System / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Veins / surgery*
  • Tachycardia, Supraventricular / diagnosis*
  • Tachycardia, Supraventricular / surgery*