Steroid hormones are synthesized by a complex array of 10 enzymes. The genes for each of these have now been cloned, and previous work has determined the regional chromosomal assignments of six of these. We used in situ hybridization to determine the regional chromosomal assignments of the four remaining enzymes. The CYP11A1 gene encodes mitochondrial P450scc, which converts cholesterol to pregnenolone, and is located on 15q23-q24. The gene for adrenodoxin, which receives electrons from adrenodoxin reductase and transfers them to P450scc, is on 11q22 while its pseudogenes are on 20q11-q12. The gene for adrenodoxin reductase is on 17q24-q25. The CYP17 gene encodes P450c17, which has both 17 alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities, and is located on 10q24-q25. None of the 10 genes involved in human steroidogenesis is closely linked to another gene for a steroidogenic enzyme.